Chameleon Medical Basics

Toubleshooting Your Chameleon's Medical Condition

When trying to decide what medical condition your chameleon might have, scroll through the thumbnail images here and click on the one that most closely resembles what you are observing. If what you are questioning could be considered a behavior then also check the class on Chameleon Behavior.

Note that Chameleons hide their sickness as long as possible so once you notice it you are usually well into the condition. This is where chameleon keepers learn to trust their feelings when something seems “off” even if they can’t put their finger on what the problem is. Although a vet visit is difficult with nothing more than a feeling, it at least puts you on high alert to look for other subtle clues as to what is going on.

The Chameleon Medical Reference Encyclopedia

WARNING: Most modules contain medically graphic images.

The Eyes

Eye Issues

panther chameleon with extended eye

Sunken Eyes

Sunken eye chameleon

Eyes Closed

panther with eye issue


Bacterial Infection

bacterial infection puss ball

Respiratory Infection

Trioceros deremensis chameleon with respiratory infection

Stomatitis - Mouth Rot

mouth rot on a chameleon

Temporal Gland Infection

TGI on Jacksons Chameleon

Fungal Infection

deremensis chameleon with fungal attack


chameleon parasitic worm


Metabolic Bone Disease

panther chameleon with MBD


jacksons chameleon with gout


panther chameleon edema


obese veiled chameleon


black and logo

Physical Damage

Animal Attack

Jackson's Chameleon with amputated tail

Broken Jaw

chameleon with broken jaw


Veiled Chameleon Burn comparison

Nose/Skin Rub

Nose rub on a female quadricornis chameleon


panther chameleon prolapse

Heat Stress

chameleon with washed out colors

Discolored Skin

Bradypodion fighting

Dystocia - Egg Binding

female panther chameleon in egg binding distress


Panther Chameleon shedding

Tail Damage

Tsil damage in jackson's chameleon

Tongue Issues

black and logo


Basic Chameleon Medical Conditions is a class that is part of the Term 1: Getting Started With Chameleons  coursework which gives you a basic exposure to the important issues in chameleon husbandry. Learning the signs of common medical conditions is a skill every chameleon keeper should excel with. The earlier the detection the better the ability to treat the condition. At times it is hard to tell whether you are looking at a behavior or a medical condition. Generally speaking, if the chameleon has a choice as to what they are doing I place it in the Chameleon Behavior section. If it is something that is happening to the chameleon I place it in the Basic Chameleon Medical Section section. If you did not find a match in in this course then please check the Behavior section!

Term 1: Chameleon Husbandry Course List

Chameleon Academy Logo with yellow motto

Learning Chameleon Behavior

Machakos Hills Jackson's Chameleon